Black Rhino, delicacy, Poaching

Black Rhino Killed for Delicacy and Amusement

European hunters are responsible for the early decline of black rhino populations. It was not uncommon for five or six rhinos to be killed in a day for food or simply for amusement. European settlers that arrived in Africa in the early 20th century to colonize and establish farms and plantations continued this senseless slaughter. Most people regarded rhinos as vermin and exterminated them at all costs.WWF comments . We’ve been fighting to protect African rhinos ever since. Recent success in black rhino conservation is heartening, but a lot of work remains to bring the population up to even a fraction of what it once was – and ensure that it stays there.Poaching statistics released by the South African government reveal 668 rhinos were slaughtered—a 50% increase over 2011 and a staggering 5000% increase since 2007. Already, an additional five rhinos have been killed since the beginning of this year.

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Black Rhino at Taronga zoo, Sydney, Australia

Black Rhino at Taronga zoo, Sydney, Australia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

English: Black rhinoceros at Lincoln Park Zoo

English: Black rhinoceros at Lincoln Park Zoo (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Poaching statistics released by the South African government reveal 668 rhinos were slaughtered—a 50% increase over 2011 and a staggering 5000% increase since 2007, when the number poached was 13. Already, an additional five rhinos have been killed since the beginning of this year.The meteoric increase in poaching is driven by a mistaken belief that rhino horn has medicinal powers. The horn is also seen as a highly desirable status symbol in some Asian countries, notably Vietnam. The increased value of rhino horn has enticed well-organized, well-financed and highly-mobile criminal groups to become involved in rhino poaching.In December, Vietnam and SouthAfrica signed an agreement, aimed at bolstering law enforcement and tackling illegal wildlife trade including rhino horn trafficking. The agreement paves the way for improved intelligence information sharing and joint efforts by the two nations to crack down on the criminal syndicates behind the smuggling networks.There is an urgent need for countries to work together and stop illicit trade routes and ensure those arrested for poaching crimes are prosecuted and punished.WWF has launched a global campaign to stop wildlife crime.

An adult black rhinoceros stands 132–180 cm (52–71 in) high at the shoulder and is 2.8–3.8 m (9.2–12 ft) in length, plus a tail of about 60 cm (24 in) in length An adult typically weighs from 800 to 1,400 kg (1,800 to 3,100 lb), however unusually large male specimens have been reported at up to 2,199–2,896 kg (4,848–6,385 lb).The females are smaller than the males. Two horns on the skull are made of keratin with the larger front horn typically 50 cm (20 in) long, exceptionally up to 140 cm (55 in).The longest known black rhinoceros horn measured nearly 1.5 m (4.9 ft) in length.Sometimes, a third, smaller horn may develop. These horns are used for defense, intimidation, and digging up roots and breaking branches during feeding.

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clouded leopard, Deforestration

Clouded Leopard Hunted for Fur

The clouded leopard is the worlds most majestic animals, these majestic animals live in the trees among the forests of southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas. There are up to 6,000 snow leopards in the wild across 12 countries, but its numbers are gradually declining, with hunting and habitat loss just some of the reasons that it is endangered.  Most cats are good climbers, but the clouded leopard is near the top of its class. These big cats can even hang upside down beneath large branches, using their large paws and sharp claws to secure a good grip. Clouded leopards also have a very sharp eyesight, and uses their long tail for balance. The clouded leopard has a stocky build and, proportionately, the longest canine teeth of any living feline. Though clouded leopards are great climbers, scientists believe that they do most of their hunting on the ground, feasting on deer, pigs, monkeys, and smaller fare such as squirrels or birds. They are aided in their hunting by the largest canine teeth (proportionate to body size) of any wild cat. The clouded leopard is found across Southeast Asia and the Himalayas in the following countries: southern China, Bhutan, Nepal, northeast India, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Cambodia, Laos, and Bangladesh. It is believed to be extinct in

Indomalaya Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)...

Indomalaya Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), Toronto Zoo. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Taiwan. Females give birth to a litter of one to five cubs every year, and the young leopards remain dependent upon their mother for about ten months. What harms them? You’re about to find out! Deforestation in the tropical regions of Southeast Asia is the most serious threat to the clouded leopard. The species natural habitat has been fragmented and decreasing at a rate of 10% per year since 1997. The clouded leopard is also widely hunted for its teeth and decorative pelt, and for bones for the traditional Asian medicinal trade. Clouded leopard pelts have been reported on sale in markets in China, Burma, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Nepal and Thailand. They have also been featured on the menu of restaurants in Thailand and China which cater to wealthy Asian tourists. Like many other big cat species the clouded leopard is often killed as retaliation for killing livestock. These majestic cats are disappearing fast, we need to protect them!

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Clouded leopard face, close up

Clouded leopard face, close up (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Extincted, Javan rhinoceros, small population

Javan Rhinoceros Hunted almost near Extinction

sumatran-rhino-factsA unique subspecies of rhino, Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus, is entirely extinct. The disappearance itself occurred in 2010, but it was only last October that zoologists were able to confirm what they had feared. Historically, there have been three subspecies of the one-horned Javan rhinoceros. The first to disappear was Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis, a variety that roamed India, Bangladesh, and Myanmar until a century ago. Now the beast has lost its foothold in Vietnam, leaving only Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus in Indonesia. We are despairingly close to losing the species altogether. The Javan rhino is probably the rarest large mammal on the planet, with no more than 50 left in the wild and none in captivity. Its small population size and likely isolation to one protected area in Indonesia make it extremely vulnerable to any threat. In October 2011 it was confirmed that the Javan rhinoceros in Vietnam was extinct. A dead Javan rhino was found in April 2010 with a single bullet in its leg and its horn removed. A collection of 22 separate dung samples gathered in a survey of Cat Tien National Park in 2009-2010 were analysed and all came from this single rhino. Habitat loss played a key role in sealing the fate of the rhino in Vietnam, and without adequate law enforcement and effective management of protected areas other species such as the tiger and the Asian elephant could also disappear from the wild in Vietnam. The Javan rhino is on death watch. And given how closely zoologists have been monitoring the ever-weakening vital signs of the species, it’s unsurprising that we know about the extinction of Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus in depressing detail.

Female Indian Javan rhino imported by the anim...

Female Indian Javan rhino imported by the animal dealer Jamarch from the Sunderbunds (or Sundarbans) in India. It was in London in 1877 where it lived less than 6 months. From Sclater 1877. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Deforestration, Rampart Hunting

Sumatra Tiger Habitat’s Disappearing

The Indonesian island of Sumatra holds some of the richest and most diverse tropical forests on the planet, giving shelter to many rare species and providing livelihoods for millions of people.The forests of Sumatra are home to some of the world’s rarest animals and plant species. The WWF estimates that as few as 400 Sumatran tigers remain in the wild. The tigers’ habitat is dwindling fast on the Indonesian island. It is home to lesser-known marvels, like the proboscis monkey, sun bear, clouded leopard and flying fox bat. But these magnificent creatures are disappearing as their forest homes are rapidly being cut down to make way for oil palm plantation or destroyed by commercial or illegal logging. The location where the video was captured lies outside protected park boundaries, he noted, and current development plans call for forest clearance at the site over the next few years.Rampant poaching also poses a grave threat to the island’s endangered species – tigers are hunted for their skins, rhinos are killed for their horns, and orangutans are taken from the wild for the entertainment and tourism trade. From saving the Sumatran tiger – the most endangered subspecies of tigers – to conserving the habitat of the Sumatran elephant in the island’s central Riau province – an area with one of the fastest rates of deforestation in Indonesia – WWF is working with local partners on Sumatra to protect the island’s remaining forests and habitats.

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Greenhouse gas, illegal hunting

Snow leopard Hunted and loss of Habitat

Snow leopards are majestic, furry carnivores that lives in the Himalayas.WWF scientists and published in the June, 2012 issue of Biological Conservation, shows that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase steadily, 30 percent of snow leopard habitat in the Himalayas may be lost to treeline shift.Now, there are only 4,000 and 6,500 individuals, are sparsely distributed in the mountains of northern and central Asia, including part of the Himalaya Mountains.  In the Himalayas, snow leopards live in high alpine areas, above the treeline and generally below 5,000 meters, where they are able to track down their prey. According to the study, warmer and wetter conditions in the Himalayas will likely result in forests ascending into alpine areas, the snow leopards’ preferred habitat. Native to the Central Asian mountains, the snow leopard is a rare sight. They are hunted for their beautiful, warm fur and for their organs, which are used in traditional Chinese medicine. They are insulated by thick hair, and their wide, fur-covered feet act as natural snowshoes. Snow leopards have powerful legs and are tremendous leapers, able to jump as far as 50 feet (15 meters). They use their long tails for balance and as blankets to cover sensitive body parts against the severe mountain chill. Researchers also emphasized the need to minimize pervasive threats like illegal hunting, human-wildlife conflict, and overgrazing of livestock in snow leopard habitat.  Minimizing these concurrent threats will help snow leopards better deal with the additional stress of losing habitat to climate change. We need to help  these animals to survive through the future, and protect them.

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Fast Facts

Type:
Mammal
Diet:
Carnivore
Size:
4 to 5 ft (1.2 to 1.5 m); Tail, 36 in (91 cm)
Weight:
60 to 120 lbs (27 to 54 kg)
Protection status:
Endangered
Size relative to a 6-ft (2-m) man:
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Global Warming, Starvation

Polar bear facing Global Warming

Polar bears are facing starvation because of global warming, many seals have left South Pole and migrated to the North pole. The global warming emitted from our electronic devices melts down most of the ice in the South pole.It is a estimated of by 2024, the ice pack would have been melted to a small fringe northern coasts of Canada and Greenland, this is the Last Ice Area. WWF’s on-the-ground research and conservation projects in the Arctic, going back to 1972 – and climate change is a primary focus of our global conservation efforts. The sea ice gives and provi

Three Polar bears approach the USS Honolulu, 2...

Three Polar bears approach the USS Honolulu, 280 miles from the North Pole. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

de a place to hunt, breed and sleep. Through the polar bears can swim, but it mostly is on land. We need to help these animals to continue their lives in the future.

Fast Facts

Type:
Mammal
Diet:
Carnivore
Average life span in the wild:
25 to 30 years
Size:
Head and body, 7.25 to 8 ft (2.2 to 2.5 m); Tail, 3 to 5 in (7.5 to 12.5 cm)
Weight:
900 to 1,600 lbs (410 to 720 kg)
Size relative to a 6-ft (2-m) man:
Illustration: Polar bear compared with adult man

 

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Elephants, Poaching

African Elephant Killed for Tusks

African elephants are hunted for their expensive tusks, people in the past started hunting elephants to make them in to ivory objects. People protested against this idea and put it to a stop, but people today still sneak around and hunt them. They can fetch a very high price in the market, people patrol the savannah to stop people from killing them. These species of animal’s population are dropping quickly, baby elephant’s parents are poached and killed, it also needs to rely on its mother when it is in a small age. People from corners of the world persuade people to stop buying these ivory objects, people take care of them when they are small and release them back to the wild when they’re adults. We need to stand up, and stop killing elephants. These animals are soon extinct, some species are also incredibly rare too!

Opinion: In my opinion African Elephants are majestic animals and should not be killed for human advantages, we should stand up and stop the world from killing these animals. The disappearance of elephants would make the world change, and affect the food chain.

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